Healthy Communities: Immunisation rates for children in 2015–16 - Technical Note - Indicator specification

Healthy Communities: Immunisation rates for children in 2015–16

Indicator specification

This measure reflects the percentage of children aged 1, 2 and 5 years fully immunised according to the National Immunisation Program Schedule.

Data Source
Data source

Australian Immunisation Register (AIR)

For the period 1 April 2015 to 31 March 2016 assessed at 30 June 2016

Data supplied 2 March 2017.

Indicator description and calculation
Numerator The number of children in the population fully immunised for each age according to the definition of fully immunised as per the National Immunisation Program Schedule.2 The current definition of fully immunised for measuring coverage rates includes vaccination against: hepatitis B, diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, Haemophilus influenzae type b, polio, measles, mumps, rubella, pneumococcal disease, varicella and meningococcal C. For each age it is assumed that earlier vaccinations in the series have been received.
Denominator Number of children who turned each age in the eligible population i.e. those children who are registered with Medicare on the AIR.
Calculation (Numerator ÷ denominator) x 100
Geographic disaggregation

Postcode of residence reported at the following levels:

  • Primary Health Network (PHN) area
  • Statistical Area Level 3 (SA3)
  • Statistical Area Level 4 (SA4)
  • Postcode.
  • If the area had an eligible population of fewer than 26 registered children (denominator), the result is suppressed and reported as NP.
  • If the area had between 1 and 5 children not fully immunised, the result is published while additional values are suppressed and reported as NP.
  • If the area had an eligible population of 26–100 registered children (denominator), the result is marked as interpret with caution (#).
Additional notes
  • Rotavirus, which is included on the National Immunisation Program Schedule, is excluded for the purpose of measuring fully immunised status as vaccination is not recommended above the upper age limits specified in the Schedule5
  • Levels of recording of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander status on Medicare enrolment records may vary between local areas and this may impact results.

2 Department of Human Services 2014. Australian Immunisation Register. Canberra: Department of Human Services. Viewed 20 February 2017, link, opens in a new window..

5 Department of Health 2015. The Australian Immunisation Handbook 10th edition (updated June 2015). Canberra: Department of Health.