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Healthy Communities: Child and maternal health in 2009–2012 - Report - Glossary

Healthy Communities: Child and maternal health in 2009–2012

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Antenatal Pertaining to, or occurring in, the period covering conception up to the time of birth. Also known as prenatal.
Antenatal visit An appointment with a health care professional for pregnancy-related care and advice after a pregnancy has been confirmed. An antenatal visit can be recorded by a variety of health professionals, such as a general practitioner, midwife or a doctor who specialises in pregnancy and birth (obstetrician). Visits at different stages of pregnancy can involve specific tests and health checks to assess and improve maternal and fetal wellbeing throughout pregnancy and prior to labour. Also referred to as antenatal care.
Birth For the purposes of this report a birth is counted when a fetus of at least 20 weeks’ gestation or weighing 400 grams or more is born. The fetus can be liveborn or stillborn.
Birthweight The first weight of a baby measured after birth (usually rounded to the nearest 5 grams and recorded within 1 hour of birth).
Death The definition in this report excludes all deaths prior to birth. For the purposes of the ABS Death Registration collection, a death refers to any death which occurs in or on the way to Australia and is registered with a state or territory Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages.
Gestation The process or period of carrying a baby in the womb from conception to delivery.
Infant A child who is aged less than 1 year.
Live birth A live birth is the birth of a child who, after delivery, breathes or shows any other evidence of life such as a heartbeat.
Low birthweight Weight of a baby at birth that is less than 2,500 grams.
Medicare Local Medicare Locals plan and fund health services in communities across Australia. They help to ensure patients can access the care they need, particularly when a variety of health workers are involved in providing treatments.
Medicare Local catchment A Medicare Local catchment is a population that lives in a specific geographical area covered by a particular Medicare Local. See Medicare Local.
Mortality rate For the purposes of this report, the number of deaths in a specified period per 1,000 live births in the same period.
Multiple birth A pregnancy with multiple fetuses that remain in the womb until 20 weeks’ gestation and are subsequently delivered.
NP – Not available for publication This applies when data are not able to be published for reasons related to reliability, validity and/or confidentiality. Methods used to determine whether a statistic is published are included in each report’s technical supplement or technical note.
Peer group For some reports the Performance Authority groups Medicare Locals into peer groups based on factors such as remoteness, socioeconomic status and distance to hospitals. This allows Medicare Locals to be compared to other Medicare Locals with similar characteristics, and to the average for their peer group. See Healthy Communities: Australians' experiences with primary health care in 2010–11, Technical Supplement for more information.
Perinatal Pertaining to, or occurring in, the period shortly before or after birth (usually up to 28 days after).
Quintile Five equal parts of a distribution. For example, if 100 patients were ranked according to the number of times they visit a doctor, the top quintile will refer to the 20 patients with the most visits, and the bottom quintile to the 20 patients with the fewest visits.
Singleton birth A pregnancy with a single fetus that remains in the womb until 20 weeks’ gestation and is subsequently delivered.
Trimester A period of about 3 months. Pregnancy is divided into three trimesters: first trimester (conception to 13 weeks), second trimester (13 to 26 weeks), third trimester (26 to 40 weeks).
Young child For the purposes of this report a young child is aged between 1 year and less than 5 years.

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